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Gaugh: Generation 4
The Sons of Christian Tarr Gaugh & Sarah Henry
Marquis Alexander Gaugh & Elizabeth Toole
30 Jun 1850: Marquis [or Margues or Marcus] Alexander Gaugh was born in North Shenango Township, Crawford County, PA. He was probably named after C. T. Gaugh's brother Alexander Marques Gaugh. Marques/Marguis was the surname of a family in Fayette County, PA; no doubt known to and associated with the Gaughs. He is also referred to as "Marcus". See photo.
From 1856 until 1865, his family lived in Sioux City, IA.
7 Feb 1854: Elizabeth Toole was born in St. Joseph, Buchanan County, MO. She was the daughter of William C. and Elvira Thompson Wigglesworth Toole.
15 Oct 1874: Marquis and Elizabeth were married in St. Joseph.
2 Jun 1880 Census, St. Joseph, Buchanan County, MO: Lizzie Gaugh age 26 and Eva A. age 3 were enumerated as boarders in household of lawyer [and father] W. C. Toole.
1894: Marcus was President of the Nodaway County School Board. He was still serving in 1899.
1 Jun 1900 Census, Clearmont, Nodaway County, MO (Atchison Township): Physician Marquis Gaugh 49, born Jun 1850, married 25 years, PA PA PA; Elizabeth 45, born Feb 1854, MO KY VA, mother of three children, all living; Eva A. age 23, born Dec 1876, MO PA MO, employed as music instructor; student Charles A. 18, born Sep 1881; Lula M. age 11, born Dec 1888. The family was residing on Third Street.
In a 1978 interview, his daughter Lula recalled:
People came to get father's help at all times, day and night. We kept a kerosene light burning all night in our Clearmont home. Father had a little cart and horse he drove when he went into the country. Sometimes when it was really story, he would cut across the fields to get to the farm homes. He delivered many babies right there in the homes."
"In his later years, he got a blood pressure testing device, but he never got around to taking his own blood pressure. If he had done that, he might have lived longer and not died after suffering a massive stroke."
Treatment in those days was mostly a matter of paper powders, pink pills, and calomel. Dr. Gaugh did no surgery. He sent his surgical patients to Dr. George Nash, Maryville.
16 Apr 1910 Census, Burlington Junction, Nodaway County, MO: Physician M. A. Gaugh 59, married 36 years, PA PA PA; Elizabeth 56, mother of 4 children, 3 living, MO KY KY; Lulu 21.
3 Jan 1920 Census, Burlington Junction, Nodaway County, MO: Physician Marquis Gaugh 69, PA PA PA, residing on Manning St; Elizabeth 63, MO KY KY.
In an unknown 1924 newspaper:
Dr. and Mrs. M. A. Gaugh observed the fiftieth anniversary of their wedding . . . Dr. and Mrs. Gaugh were married October 15, 1874, in St. Joseph, where Mrs. Gaugh was born, and where Dr. Gaugh had lived since childhood. Mrs. Gaugh's father was Judge William C. Toole, one of the first attorneys on record in the state of Missouri, and who served as judge in St. Joseph for many years. Dr. Gaugh's father was C.T. Gaugh, a painting contractor of St. Joseph, and had the contract for the interior and decorating of the courthouse in Maryville. Dr. and Mrs. Gaugh moved to Clearmont shortly after their marriage and have lived in the county since that time. They moved to Burlington Junction about twenty years ago. Their three children are Mrs. Rolla Rees, and Mrs. Charles Walker, Burlington Junction, and Charles Gaugh, Maryville.
One "sketch" in an unknown source described him as "an affable and perfect gentleman, as well as a thorough physician . . . The doctor is a member of the I.O.O.F. Enterprise Lodge, No. 232, of St. Joseph."
GAUGH, Dr. Marcus, who practiced at Clearmont this county, was a native of Crawford County, Pa., born in 1850. When he was six years of age his parents moved to Iowa, settling in Sioux City, where he was reared to man's estate. When eighteen years old, he began to study medicine under Dr. Long, of St. Joseph, Mo., with whom he remained nine years. He graduated from the Hospital Medical College of St. Joseph, and later began the practice of his profession at St. Joseph for four years, after which he moved to Clearmont, Mo., where he lived and built up a large practice and became well-trained and a widely known physician.
23 Dec 1926:
Dr. M. A. Gaugh, one of Northwest Missouri's pioneer physicians, died at his home in Burlinton Junction at noon on Thursday, December 23, following a prolonged illness.
Marquis A. Gaugh was born in Crawford County, Pennsylvania June 30, 1850. When he was six years old he moved with his parents to Sioux City, Iowa, and in that city he grew to young manhood. At the age of 18 years he began the study of medicine under Dr. Long of St. Joseph, Missouri. After nine years of study he graduated from the Hospital Medical College of St. Joseph and practiced four years in that city.
When 24 years old Dr. Gaugh was happily married to Miss Elizabeth Toole of St. Joseph, and to this union four children were born, one dying in infancy. The widow and three children survive. The children are: Mrs. Eva Walker of Burlington Junction, Charles R. Gaugh of Maryville, and Mrs. Lulu Rees of Burlington Junction. There are also four grandchildren, William Gaugh, Lucile Gaugh Neal, and Helen Gaugh of Maryville, and Pauline Walker of Burlington Junction. Dr. Gaugh is also survived by a brother, Dr. William Gaugh of Granada, Minn., who visited here but five weeks ago.
After four years of practice in St. Joseph, Dr. Gaugh moved to Clearmont and for 21 years followed his profession in that town and community. From there he moved to Chillicothe, Mo., and engaged in the drug business. After four years there the lure of the country practice was yielded to and he and his family moved to Burlington Junction in the year 1905. Dr. Gaugh was actively engaged in the practice of his profession here until his health failed [stroke] about ten years ago. Since that time he has been an invalid, but has been a patient and cheerful sufferer.
Dr. Gaugh was a member of the Presbyterian Church in his childhood but when he moved to Clearmont there was no church of that faith there so he and his family joined the Methodist Church and he was ever faithful and loyal to its teachings, serving on the official board until poor health prevented. He was also a faithful member of the Masonic, I.O.O.F. and M.W.A. lodges and took an active part in lodge work as long as his health permitted.
Funeral services were held from the Methodist Church Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock, conducted by the Rev. J. Howard Thompson, the pastor. Interment was made in the Ohio Cemetery.
According to the death certificate, Marguis died of "apoplexy" [stroke] at age 76 years, 5 months, and 23 days. Mrs. R. S. Rees [daughter Lula] was the informant on the personal details.[8a]
Another obituary, again from an unknown newspaper, was similar, containing only this additional information: "He suffered a stroke ten years ago and has been an invalid since. His condition became worse within the last two weeks . . . they were the parents of four children, one dying in infancy . . Mr. Gaugh was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church . . . "
22 Apr 1930 Census, Burlington Junction, Nodaway County, MO: Elizabeth Gaugh, age 76, MO KY KY, a widow married at age 21, was residing in the home of daughter Eva Walker, along with Eva's daughter, Pauline Walker.
7 Nov 1941:
Honoring the 87th birthday anniversary of C. R. Gaugh's mother, Mrs. M. A. Gaugh, of Burlington Junction, a family dinner will be given Sunday at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Gaugh in Maryville."
In addition to the honored guest the group present will include Mr. and Mrs. Rolla Rees and Mrs. Eva Walker, Burlington Junction, Mr. and Mrs. William Gaugh and sons, Norman and Ronnie, of St. Joseph, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Neal and children, Paul Jr., Evelyn and Robert, of Maryville, Walter Wade of Corning, Mo., and hosts.
Mrs. Gaugh was born February 7, 1854 in St. Joseph. Her father, Judge W. C. Toole, came to St. Joseph from Kentucky by steamboat in 1836 when 19 years of age. At that time there were only two log houses on the site. Judge Toole was the first lawyer and first Judge of the Buchanan county court. He died in St. Joseph at the age of 93. The family home is still there and occupied by Alfred Toole, whose wife died Friday of last week. He and his sister, Mrs. Gaugh, are the only children living out of a family of eleven.
Mrs. Gaugh was married in 1874 to Dr. M. A. Gaugh of St. Joseph. Some time later they moved to Clearmont where they lived for 21 years, moving from there to Chillicothe. There Dr. Gaugh practiced medicine for four years. At that time they came to Burlington Junction which has been Mrs. Gaugh's home since. Dr. Gaugh died in 1926.
C. R. Gaugh of Maryville and Mrs. Eva Walker and Mrs. Rolla Rees of Burlington Junction are the three children of Mrs. Gaugh. the grandchildren William Gaugh, of Maryville; Mrs. Paul Neal, St. Joseph; Mrs. Mynatt Breidenthal, Owensville, Mo.; and Miss Pauline Walker, instructor in the schools at Iowa City, Iowa. Mrs. Gaugh also has six great grandchildren. they are Paul Jr., Evelyn and Robert Neal, Norman and Ronnie Gaugh, and David M. Breidenthal. But this party was actually 3 months before her birthday. Which date is wrong?
17 Dec 1942: Elizabeth died in the home of daughter Eva in Burlington Junction, aged 88 years, 10 months and 10 days. There were several entries under cause of death, all stemming from old age and senility.[10a] She was buried beside Marques in the Ohio Cemetery. See photo of Elizabeth and also Toole Sisters.
According to granddaughter Helen,"Elizabeth had a wonderful sense of humor, was very congenial. She enjoyed entertaining guests. She provided the Thanksgiving, Christmas, and Easter meals for the family until she was near death. She was short of stature and in later life was slightly plump. Her door was always open to everyone. She was noted for being easy going."
Children of Marques Alexander Gaugh & Elizabeth Toole:
Eva Alice Gaugh (11 Dec 1876 - 2 Feb 1972; m. Charles E. Walker 1 Jan 1902)
Charles Russell Gaugh (7 Sep 1881 - 1 Jan 1970; m. Grace Mae Hale 3 May 1905)
Lula Marie Gaugh (13 Dec 1888 - 14 Aug 1988; n. Rolla Hilliard Rees 25 Oct 1911)
John Oliver Gaugh & Mary Annis Sibley
18 May 1853: John was born in Crawford County, PA.
1854: Mary was born in Moline, IL, the daughter of Dr. William and Mary Sibley. She grew up in Hillside, KS.
8 Mar 1875: John and Mary were married. Margaret Gaugh claims the date was actually 8 Apr 1875. Could the first date be that of the marriage license?
1890 St. Joseph City Directory: John O. Gaugh, of C. T. Gaugh & Son, was listed as residing at 1850 Clay. See photo.
John Oliver Gaugh . . . one of the well-known and highly esteemed citizens of St. Joseph, who has been identified with the painting trade here for many years, was born in 1853 in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, and is a son of Christian T. and Sarah Catherine (Henry) Gaugh.
Our subject came to St. Joseph with his parents and has continued to be a resident here. John O. entered into partnership with his late father in 1880, after an apprenticeship and journey workman. He succeeded to the business upon the death of his father and has continued in the same since. He is one of the largest and leading contractors in the city.
In 1875 he married Mary Annis Sibley, who was born at Moline, Illinois, and is a daughter of Dr. William Sibley, who was the prominent physician of that place. Like his father, Mr. Gaugh is a staunch Republican. He has been closely identified with a number of social and fraternal organizations and has filled positions with a number of these.
He was reportedly a member of I.O.O.F. Enterprise Lodge #232, Pride of the West Lodge #42, Missouri Camp #1893, M. W. A. and Knights and Ladies of Security, St. Joseph Council #18. He was twice president of the latter. He was also a "pastmaster workman" of A.O.U.W.
1900 St. Joseph City Directory: "John O. Gaugh, contracting painter, 607 Francis, r 506 n 24th"
5 Jun 1900 Census, St. Joseph, Buchanan County, MO (506 N. 24th): Paint Contractor age 47, born May 1853, PA PA PA, married 25 years, owner of home; Mary 44, born Sep 1855, IL VT NY, no children; mother-in-law Mary B. Sibley 64, born Mar 1836, NY PA NY, married 30 years.
22 Apr 1910 Census, St. Joseph, Buchanan County, MO (Washington Township): Contracting painter John O. Gaugh 54, PA PA PA, married 35 years; Mary A. age 54, IL VT NY, mother of 3 children, 2 living; widowed mother-in-law Mary A. Sibley 74, NY PA NY. The family was residing at 2915 Francis Street.
5 Jan 1920 Census, St. Joseph, Buchanan County, MO: Painting contractor John O. Gaugh age 75, PA, the PA PA lined through and replaced with US US, residing at 2924 Felix St,; Mary A. age 64, IL VT NY.
22 Mar 1921: John died of cerebral apoplexy at Dr. G. R. Thompson's Sanitarium in St. Joseph.[15a] John is buried in Mount Nora Cemetery in St. Joseph, Lot #1, Block 21, Section A.
Mary died in 1931 and was buried in Mount Mora Cemetery beside her husband.
William Henry Gaugh and 1) Ida Moore 2) Nellie Newell
24 Jul 1859: William was born in Sioux City, IA.
c. 1865: Ida was born in St. Joseph, MO, the daughter of Edwin G. Moore.
5 Feb 1890: William and Ida were married in St. Joseph.
1890 St. Joseph City Directory: "William Gaugh, physician, b. 712 Felix, r. 1934 Mulberry". That was the address of his parents also.
5 Jun 1900 Census, Manyaska Township, Martin County, MN: Physician William H. Gaugh age 40, born Jul 1859, IA PA PA, married for 10 years; Ida M. age 44, born May 1856, OH NY NY, mother of 2 children, both living; Mary E. age 9, born Apr 1891, MO IA OH;, Winnifred C. age 6, born Oct 1893, MN IA OH; father-in-law Edwin G. Moore 82, born Jan 1818, NY NY NY, a preacher.
1905: William moved to Granada, MN, where he became the third doctor in residence and a member of the Congregational Church. He was a "long-time pillar of the church and community".[17a]
15 Apr 1910 Census, Granada, Martin County, MN (Center Creek Twp): Doctor ("People") William H. Gaugh age 50, IA PA PA, married for 20 years; Ida G. age 54, OH NY NY, mother of 2 children, both living; daughter Mary E. 18, MN IA OH; daughter Winnifred age 16, MN IA OH.
2 Jan 1920 Census, Center Creek Township, Martin County, MN: M. D. William H. Gaugh age 60, IA PA PA; Ida M. age 64, NY NY NY; school teacher Mary E. age 28, MO IA OH; school teacher Winnifred 26, MN IA OH.
7 Mar 1923: Ida died. She was buried in Center Creek Cemetery in Granada, MN.
21 Sep 1926: William married Nellie J. Newell, who'd been born in Rosedale, WI on 28 Oct 1875. She has also been recorded as Nellie J. Clark so she may have been a widow. Was Clark or Newell her surname?
19 Apr 1930 Census, Granada, Martin County, MN: Doctor/Physician William H. Gaugh 70, IA PA PA, married at age 30, owner of a home valued at $4,500; Nellie J. age 54, Wisconsin CT Wisconsin, married at age 31.
7 Dec 1949: William died:
Dr. William Henry Gaugh, 90, retired Granada physician, passed away late Wednesday evening at Fairmont Community hospital where he had been a patient the last six days. Death was due to infirmities of old age. Dr. Gaugh practiced in the Granada community from 1905 until 1939, when he was forced to retire by a heart attack. His health began to fail rapidly three years ago. He spent over 50 years in the medical profession and at the time of his retirement he was the oldest practicing physician in Minnesota. His medical career started in St. Joseph, Mo., and in 1892 he hung his professional shingle in the city of Worthington. He was a graduate of St. Joseph Medical College in Missouri. In 1897 he moved to Sherburn and practiced there until 1905, when he moved to Granada, where he completed his medical service. Dr. Gaugh's history is typical of the "horse and buggy" days when the medical profession overcame what today would be considered overwhelming odds, to save lives, heal wounds, and bring new lives into the world. On one occasion he went out on a call to the rural area of Martin county, and because of a blizzard was unable to get back home until three days later. He was proud of his record of never having refused a call, regardless of the weather or other conditions or no matter how tired he might have been. His service during the terrible flu epidemic of 1918 won him outstanding recognition from this community, and from the medical profession. Dr. Gaugh lost only one patient in that epidemic, and that one only because the patient failed to heed his professional advice. An estimate of the number of calls he has made, or even the number of children he brought into the world, would run into almost unbelievable figures.
Dr. Gaugh was also noted for his interest in civic affairs. He lived every problem of his respective community, and did all he could in the interests of progress. At both Granada and Sherburn he served on the boards of education. Despite his civic and professional interests which took the great majority of his time, he also was a devoted exponent of family life. He also was a student, reading ceaselessly in his spare moments. He was an active member of the Granada Congregational church, and taught a Sunday school class up until the time the infirmities of age restricted his movements. He was also a member of the Masonic lodge.
Born July 24, 1859, of parents Christian and Mary [sic] Gaugh, at Sioux City, Iowa, he was educated in St. Joseph, Mo, where the family moved by boat when he was six years old. Feb. 5, 1890, he married Ida Moore, at St. Joseph, Mo. She passed away March 7, 1923. To this union were born two daughters, Mary, now of Spencer, Iowa and Winifred, now Mrs. Graeme S. Easson of Seattle, Washington. Sept. 21, 1926, he was remarried, to Nellie J. Newell, at Sherburn.
Funeral services will be held Saturday, 1:30 p.m. at the residence in Granada, and 2:00 p.m. at the Congregational church in Granada, Rev. Fred W. Madson officiating. Burial will be in the Center Creek Cemetery. Friends may call at the Olson Funeral home in Fairmont Friday . . .
Children of William Henry and Ida Moore Gaugh:
Mary Gaugh (Adopted, c. 1892 - )
Winnifred Gaugh (c. 1894 - ; m. Graeme S. Easson)
If you have material about or photos of any individuals included in Nancy's Dead Relatives, can add well-documented family lines, have corrections and/or comments, or wish to establish a link to or from this site, please contact me at email@example.com. However, the decision whether or not to include any submitted material is the webmaster's (mine) alone.
Nancy Denty Breidenthal
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Any information is only as reliable as its source. Evaluate the following sources accordingly.
 Buchanan County 1880 Census, ED 53, Sheet 11/89
 Past & Present of Nodaway County, Missouri, p. 803
 Nodaway County 1900 Census, ED 96, Sheet 2A
 Nodaway County 1910 Census, ED 137, Sheet 3A
 Nodaway County 1920 Census, ED 169, Sheet 1B
 Unknown source, p. 567-568
 Past & Present of Nodaway County, Missouri
 Nodaway County 1930 Census, ED 74-23, Sheet 6B-7A
 Maryville Daily Forum, 7 Nov 1941; article was accompanied by a photo
[10a] Missouri Certificate of Death #41460
 Pauline Walker, 18 Apr 1995
 Margaret Gaugh
 History of Buchanan County, Missouri and St. Joseph, p. 491-492
 Buchanan County 1900 Census, ED 59, Sheet 10 or 11
 Thompson, Cemetery Records of Buchanan County and All Townships and City of St. Joseph, p. 83
 Martin County 1910 Census, ED 110, Sheet 1B
 Martin County 1920 Census, ED 119, Sheet 1B
 Martin County 1930 Census, ED 46-14, Sheet 4A