James Lauderdale (II)
Although we don't know James' exact birth year, the fact that daughter Margaret was reportedly born c. 1738, would indicate that his birth occurred before 1720. And Clint Lauderdale points out that James was listed as a "supernumerary" in 1767, i.e. exempted from military service due to age over 50, resulting in a birth before 1717. With such an early birth year, we certainly can't rule out an Irish or Scottish birth.
Clint Lauderdale believes that James married a Wood - a very reasonable theory - but it's also possible that she was a Gamble. Was she Sarah Gamble, daughter of Robert and Agnes Bell Gamble - or a daughter of Josiah Gamble?
James Lauderdale "moved into Borden's Great Grant prior to 1747." Of course, it may have been his father who first moved into the region that was later to become Augusta and then Botetourt County, VA.
17 May 1749: James Letherdale, a blacksmith, bought 366 acres on Luney's Mill Creek in Augusta County, VA from John Harrison. Although there's a slight chance that this was James (I), it is much more likely that it was James (II). This tract was supposedly retained by the family until their move to Sumner County, TN. Well-situated at the junction of Milligan's Run and Looney's Mill Creek, it formed the nucleus of the settlement of Fincastle. Of it Kegley wrote: "The Lauderdale place at the junction of Milligan's Run with Looney's Mill Creek was then as afterward the most desirable situation on the waters of Mill Creek."
28 Aug 1750: James Letherdale sold 355 acres on Luney's Mill Creek to John Harrison "to correct certain conveyances" in the earlier deed from Harrison to Letherdale.
5 May 1753: James received a patent for 300 acres on a branch of Looney's Mill Creek.
1753: James Landerdale had 143 acres on Back Creek of the James River in Augusta County surveyed.
15 Dec 1753: He received a patent for [and apparently had surveyed] 150 acres on Looney Mill Creek "between his own and Harbison's".
29 Aug 1759: A "venue" of the Bryan McDonald estate listed "James Litherdale (a conc shell)".
"The Lauderdale brothers had answered colonial Governor Francis Fauquier's calls in 1759 and 1761 to serve against the Cherokees on the southern frontier . . . under the command of Colonel William Byrd, chief officer of the Second Virginia Regiment". This was probably a reference to sons of James. We don't know if James (II) was one of the volunteers.
26 Feb 1760: John Harrison granted power of attorney to James Lawderdale in order to convey 300 acres on a branch of Looney's Creek adjoining William Harbison to John Vance. Was John Harrison a relative by marriage?18 Nov 1760: James Litherdale served as co-administrator of the Peter Looney estate in Augusta. Son-in-law Looney had served as a Sergeant in 1755-1756 in Capt. Smith's Company. Taken prisoner by the Indians, he was held for two full years before escaping. Perhaps his early death was a consequence of this hardship.
18 Aug 1761: James was apparently given power of attorney as a deed for 300 acres on a branch of Lunies Mill Creek is recorded from Hugh Corruthers of Orange County, NC "by James Ledderdale" to Andrew McNeilly for £25.
18 Aug 1761: James Ledderdale was listed as having cash due him in the appraisal of Peter Luney's estate.1764: Along with James Rowland, Joseph Montgomery, and Thomas Ramsey, James Lawderdale was a processioner in Augusta. In 1765 there was a procession for James on "the waters of the James and Catawbo", south side.
References to James Lauderdale that appear in the records after 1765 without the appellation Senior or Junior could be James II or James III. Such references assigned to either by this researcher should be taken with caution.
1767: James was listed as a "supernumary" in Augusta County.
17 Mar 1767: James Ledderdale was appointed administrator of the James Carty estate; along with John Craig and Samuel Pepper, who posted the bond that day. James did not sign, but merely made his mark on the bond of Samuel Pepper.
In 1767 and 1768 James was issued a warrant for the growing of hemp. John Lauderdale signed a receipt for £0.2.6. for weighing hemp belonging to the estate of Col. Buchanan. The signature looks remarkably like that of our John Lauderdale appearing on his Georgia Bounty Warrant.
November 1767: Stephen Trigg versus James Lauderdale. James Senior assumed a debt for his son James Junior, then 20.
16 Mar 1768: James Ledderdale posted a bond as surety for Margaret Looney with James McKain [Margaret's new husband and thus James' son-in-law] and Jonathan Smith as his own securities.
18 May 1768: James Latherdale, Jonathan Smith, and Robert Faris bought 1 wagon, 2 black horses, 1 bay mare, and 1 bay horse from James McKain for £30. Now why did they make a joint purchase unless they were in business together?
14 Jul 1768: A notice appeared in the Virginia Gazette stating that Edward Hicly, English servant, age 30, had run away from James Laderdale of Augusta County.
James Senior reportedly served, along with his son, as a Lieutenant in Capt. Mill's Company of the Botetourt Militia for 13 years from 1770 to 1783, although he would seem to have been far too old. After all, he had been listed as a "supernumerary in 1767. James Junior was age 22 in 1770, and therefore was almost certainly the Lieutenant. In 1783 James Leatherdale furnished the patrol with 6 horses, 16 cattle, and 5 slaves.
He briefly served as surveyor for the new county of Botetourt after 1770, but relinquished the post to neighbor William Preston.
1782 Tax List, Botetourt County, VA: 798 acres.
1785 Tax List, Botetourt County, VA (John May's District): James Leatherdale Senior was shown with 5 persons in his household, 1 dwelling, and 3 other buildings.
15 Nov 1786: James Leatherdale Senior was granted permission by the court for a land survey.
1787 Tax List C, Botetourt County, VA: James Ladderdale was listed with 1 male over 21, 2 16-26; 3 blacks over 16, 6 under; 18 horses; and there was also James Ladderdale with 0 whites; 1 black under 16; 7 horses. Now which was Senior? My money's on the second James.
29 Aug 1789: James Lauderdale Senior deeded 202 acres on Looney Creek to William Lauderdale.
31 Aug 1789: He deeded 60 acres on Looney Creek, waters of the James River, to [son-in-law, husband of Anna Lauderdale] James Henry and 200 acres on Looney Creek to William Lauderdale. If James Senior, as is most probable, James Henry was his son-in-law.
12 Jul 1790: He sold 201 acres on Looney Creek to Nicholas Carper. This could certainly be either Senior or Junior.November 1794: James signed his will in Botetourt County, VA. It was proved 22 Sep 1796 in Botetourt, but was also recorded in Sumner County, TN. Executors: William Lauderdale and James Henry. Witnesses: John Wood, James Lauderdale, and John Mills.
According to Cooper Kirk, James Senior died c. 1790 in Botetourt Co, VA; but once again, no substantiation is offered. As several of his children had moved to Sumner County, I'm inclined to believe that James died there in 1796, after writing his will in Virginia in 1794, just before the move. According to Clint Lauderdale, although the location of the grave was once known, it can no longer be found.
Children of James Lauderdale (II): Based upon the children listed in the will of James Lauderdale dated 22 Sep 1796. This will had to have been written by James II, not James III, because of the reference to "oldest daughter Margaret Cain". That individual, born in 1738, could only have been the daughter of James II. Kirk disagrees.
Margaret Lauderdale (1738 - ; m. 1st Peter Looney 11 Oct 1759, m. 2nd James McCain)
William Lauderdale (c. 1742 - ; m. Jane _______)
John Lauderdale* (Feb 1743 - ; m. Milberry Mauldin)
James Lauderdale (III) (c. 1748 - ; m. Sarah Mills c. 1766)
Elizabeth Lauderdale (c. 1753 - ; m. 1st John Mills**, m. 2nd William Martin 18 Oct 1785)
Jane Lauderdale (c. 1756 - ; m. John Crawford)
Mary Lauderdale (c. 1762 - ; m. James Franklin 1782)
Anna Lauderdale (c. 1764 - 31 Dec 1836; m. James Henry c. 1787)
*There's no documentation that actually names James Lauderdale (II) as the father of our John Lauderdale of South Carolina, but he certainly seems to be the best candidate. However, the father-son relationship must be taken as unproven.
**Elizabeth and John never actually married. She sued for breach of promise when he married another woman. We'll just call him her "significant other".
If you have material about any individuals included in Nancy's Dead Relatives, can add well-documented family lines, have corrections and/or comments, or wish to establish a link to or from this site, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org. However, the decision whether or not to include any submitted material is the webmaster's (mine) alone.
Nancy Denty Breidenthal
Any information is only as reliable as its source. Evaluate the following sources accordingly.
 Clint Lauderdale, History of the Lauderdales in America 1714-1850. Charles Lauderdale supplies a birth estimate of 1730. The Patriot Index lists 1730-1739; yet that "Lt VA Lauderdale" is shown as the husband of Mills, and is thus probably the son of this James.
 Kirk, William Lauderdale: General Andrew Jackson's Warrior, p.11
 Chalkley, Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia 1745-1800, p. 274, from Book 2, p. 287
 Kirk, p. 11-12; Kegley, Virginia Frontier, p. 164
 Chalkley, p. 288, from Book B, p. 868
 Chalkley, p. 288, from Book B, p. 868
 Kegley, p. 160
 Kegley, p. 161, from Survey Record #196
 Chalkley, p. 55, from Book 2, p. 332
 Kirk, p. 12, 13
 Chalkley, from original p. 348
 Chalkley, p. 60, from Will Book 2, p. 421
 Burton, Botetourt County, Virginia Early Settlers, from Will Book 2, p. 421
 Chalkley, p. 375, from Book 9, p. 520
 Chalkley, p. 64, from Will Book 3, p. 55
 Chalkley, p. 452, from Augusta Parish Vestry Book, p. 377, 408. Kegley, p. 164, cites James Lauderdale and Thomas Ramsey as processioners in 1767, rather than the 1765 cited by Chalkley.
 Chalkley; Clint Lauderdale, p. 11
 Chalkley, p. 97, from Will Book 3, p. 495
 Kirk, p. 13
 Clint Lauderdale, p. 11
 Chalkley, p. 103, from Will Book 4, p. 93
 Chalkley, p. 470, from Deed Book 14, p. 445
 Headley, Genealogical Abstracts from Eighteenth Century Newspapers, p. 163
 Kegley, p. 418; Allen, Leaves from the Family Tree; Kirk, p.13
 Frank Saffarans
 Summers, Annals of Southwest Virginia, p. 417
 Schreiner-Yantes and Love, The 1787 Census of Virginia, p. 227
 Burton, from Book 4, p. 112
 Burton, from Book 4, p. 107, 110
 Burton, from Book 4, p. 194
 Wilson, Sumner County, Tennessee Will Abstracts 1788-1882, p. 67, from Book 1, p. 39